Scientific Publications
JUMPSTART Instant Energy Cream

1. The effects of four weeks of ribose supplementation on body composition and exercise performance in healthy, young, male recreational bodybuilders: a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
Darin Van Gammeren MAEd, CSCS, Darin Falk MAEd and Jose Antonio PhD.
Current Therapeutic Research. Volume 63, Issue 8, August 2002, Pages 486-495

"...Healthy, male recreational bodybuilders aged 18 to 35 years were recruited and randomized to a ribose-supplemented group (10 g/d in powder formulation) or a placebo group (dextrose)…The ribose-supplemented group experienced a significant pretreatment-to-posttreatment increase in the total work performed, whereas the placebo group did not change significantly... In addition, the ribose-supplemented group experienced a significant increase in 1-RM bench press strength, whereas the placebo group did not change significantly…"

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2. The role of ribose in human skeletal muscle metabolism
Stephen L. Dodd, Clarence A. Johnson, Kelijo Fernholz, John A. St. Cyr
Medical Hypotheses (2004) 62, 819-824

"...Ribose, a naturally occurring pentose sugar, has been shown to enhance the recovery of myocardial or skeletal muscle adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and total adenine nucleotide (TAN) levels… Supplementation of ribose offers a potential benefit in energy metabolism by attenuating the loss and/or enhancing the recovery of TANs and modifying oxygen free radical production. This protective and enhancing benefit may have significant implications in maintaining cellular integrity, modulating function of key cellular mechanisms and positively altering exercise performance."

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3. Report of the Scientific Committee on Food on composition and specification of food intended to meet the expenditure of intense muscular effort, especially for sportsmen.
European Commission, Health & Consumer protection Directorate-General
SCF/CS/NUT/SPORT/5 Final (corrected), 28 February 2001

"...well-controlled studies clearly demonstrated its (Caffeine) efficacy in relation to prolonged endurance exercise as well as short term intense exercise…Short-term creatine supplementation (5-7 days of ~20 g/d) can lead to an improvement in performance. Most but not all of the studies indicate that creatine supplementation significantly enhances the ability to produce higher muscular force and/or power output during short bouts of maximal exercise in healthy young adults. At present, exercise performances that are improved include: various protocols of short-term, all-out cycling, sprinting, repeated jumping, swimming, kayaking/rowing, and resistance exercise performance."

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4. Carnipure™ for exercise and recovery
Ulla Freitas, Manager Scientific Marketing, Nutrition, Lonza Ltd, Basel, Switzerland
Innovations in Food Technology, November 2007

"...An increasing body of scientific evidence illustrates the favourable effects of Carnipure™ (L-Carnitine) for athletes and recreationally physically active people with regard to optimizing performance, delaying the onset of fatigue and improving the recovery process. The growing interest in Carnipure™ can be attributed to a number of factors including its basic function in helping convert fat into energy, its efficacy, its excellent safety profile ...."

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5. L-Carnitine
European Responsible Nutrition Alliance (ERNA) Information Fact sheet

"Studies in athletes have shown that L-Carnitine supplementation may foster exercise performance. Both an increase in maximal oxygen consumption and a lowering of the respiratory quotient indicate that L-Carnitine has the potential to stimulate lipid metabolism. Supplementation with L-Carnitine prior to high intensity exercise is significantly effective in assisting recovery… Latest research shows that the beneficial recovery effect on post-exercise metabolism increases in response to the daily dosage of L-Carnitine, but that it is already statistically significant at a dosage of 1 g L-Carnitine/day."

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6. Effect of Caffeine on Sport-Specific Endurance Performance: A Systematic Review
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. January 2009 - Volume 23 - Issue 1 - pp 315-324

"...caffeine ingestion can be an effective ergogenic aid for endurance athletes when taken before and/or during exercise in moderate quantities (3-6 mg·kg-1 body mass.)"

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7. Caffeine has a small effect on 5-km running performance of well-trained and recreational runners.
O'Rourke MP, O'Brien BJ, Knez WL, Paton CD
J Sci Med Sport. 2008 Apr; 11(2):231-3. Epub 2007 Jun 1.

"Using a double-blind placebo-controlled design, 15 well-trained and 15 recreational runners completed two randomized 5-km time-trials, after ingestion of either 5mgkg(-1) of caffeine or a placebo. Caffeine ingestion significantly improved 5-km running performance in both the well-trained and recreational runners."

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8. Nutritional ergogenics in athletics
Melvin H. Williams
Journal of Sports Sciences, Volume 13, Issue S1 Summer 1995, pages S63 - S74.

"...Although most purported nutritional ergogenic aids have not been shown to enhance physical performance in well-trained, well-nourished athletes, some reliable scientific data support an ergogenic efficacy of several substances, including caffeine, creatine..."

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